- Charles (Robert),1809–82, English naturalist and author.
- his grandfatherErasmus,1731–1802, English naturalist and poet.
- a seaport in and the capital of Northern Territory, in N Australia.
- a territory in N Australia. 523,620 sq. mi. (1,356,175 sq. km). Capital: Darwin.
- a port in N Australia, capital of the Northern Territory: destroyed by a cyclone in 1974 but rebuilt on the same site. Pop: 71 347 (2001)Former name (1869–1911): Palmerston
- Charles (Robert). 1809–82, English naturalist who formulated the theory of evolution by natural selection, expounded in On the Origin of Species (1859) and applied to man in The Descent of Man (1871)
- his grandfather, Erasmus. 1731–1802, English physician and poet; author of Zoonomia, or the Laws of Organic Life (1794–96), anticipating Lamarck’s views on evolution
- Sir George Howard, son of Charles Darwin. 1845–1912, English astronomer and mathematician noted for his work on tidal friction
- an administrative division of N central Australia, on the Timor and Arafura Seas: the Arunta Desert lies in the east, the Macdonnell Ranges in the south, and Arnhem Land in the north (containing Australia’s largest Aboriginal reservation); the Ashmore and Cartier Islands constitute a separate Australian External Territory. Capital: Darwin. Pop: 198 700 (2003 est). Area: 1 347 525 sq km (520 280 sq miles)
surname attested from 12c., from Old English deorwine, literally “dear friend,” probably used as a given name and also the source of the masc. proper name Derwin.
- British naturalist who revolutionized the study of biology with his theory of evolution based on natural selection. His most famous works include Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).
- British naturalist who proposed the theory of evolution based on natural selection (1858). Darwin’s theory, that random variation of traits within an individual species can lead to the development of new species, revolutionized the study of biology.