gamma ray


gamma ray

noun Physics.

  1. a photon of penetrating electromagnetic radiation (gamma radiation) emitted from an atomic nucleus.
  2. a photon emitted by an electron as a result of internal conversion.
  3. electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths shorter than approximately one tenth of a nanometer.

n.

  1. Electromagnetic radiation emitted from the nucleus of an atom by radioactive decay and having energies in a range from ten thousand (104) to ten million (107) electron volts.

  1. A stream of high-energy electromagnetic radiation given off by an atomic nucleus undergoing radioactive decay. Because the wavelengths of gamma rays are shorter than those of x-rays, gamma rays have greater energy and penetrating power than x-rays. Gamma rays are emitted by pulsars, quasars, and radio galaxies but cannot penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere. See more at radioactive decay.

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