- a city in NW Italy, on the Arno River: leaning tower.
- a city in Tuscany, NW Italy, near the mouth of the River Arno: flourishing maritime republic (11th–12th centuries), contains a university (1343), a cathedral (1063), and the Leaning Tower (begun in 1174 and about 5 m (17 ft) from perpendicular); tourism. Pop: 89 694 (2001)
Italian city, from Etruscan, of uncertain meaning. Related: Pisan.