- Robert the Devil, died 1035, duke of Normandy 1028–35 (father of William I of England).
- Also called Robert the Bruce, Robert Bruce. 1274–1329, king of Scotland 1306–29.
- known as Robert the Bruce . 1274–1329, king of Scotland (1306–29): he defeated the English army of Edward II at Bannockburn (1314) and gained recognition of Scotland’s independence (1328)