noun Jewish History.
- Also called Great Sanhedrin. the highest council of the ancient Jews, consisting of 71 members, and exercising authority from about the 2nd century b.c.
- Also called Lesser Sanhedrin. a lower tribunal of this period, consisting of 23 members.
- the supreme judicial, ecclesiastical, and administrative council of the Jews in New Testament times, having 71 members
- a similar tribunal of 23 members having less important functions and authority