noun (often initial capital letter)
- (formerly, in Iran) king; sovereign.
- a ruler of certain Middle Eastern countries, esp (formerly) Iran
n.title of the king of Persia, 1560s, shaw, from Persian shah, shortened from Old Persian xšayathiya “king,” from Indo-Iranian *ksayati “he has power over, rules” from PIE *tke- “to gain control of, gain power over” (cf. Sanskrit ksatram “dominion;” Greek krasthai “to acquire, get,” kektesthai “to possess”). His wife is a shahbanu (from banu “lady”); his son is a shahzadah (from zadah “son”).