- the combination of mental, physical, and emotional traits of a person; natural predisposition.
- unusual personal attitude or nature as manifested by peculiarities of feeling, temper, action, etc., often with a disinclination to submit to conventional rules or restraints.
- (old physiology) the combination of the four cardinal humors, the relative proportions of which were supposed to determine physical and mental constitution.
- the tuning of a keyboard instrument, as the piano, organ, or harpsichord, so that the instrument may be played in all keys without further tuning.
- a particular system of doing this.
- Archaic. an act of tempering or moderating.
- Archaic. climate.
- an individual’s character, disposition, and tendencies as revealed in his reactions
- excitability, moodiness, or anger, esp when displayed openlyan actress with temperament
- the characteristic way an individual behaves, esp towards other peopleSee also character, personality
- an adjustment made to the frequency differences between notes on a keyboard instrument to allow modulation to other keys
- any of several systems of such adjustment, such as just temperament, a system not practically possible on keyboard instruments, mean-tone temperament, a system giving an approximation to natural tuning, and equal temperament, the system commonly used in keyboard instruments, giving a scale based on an octave divided into twelve exactly equal semitonesSee also just intonation
- obsolete the characteristic way an individual behaves, viewed as the result of the influence of the four humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile)
- archaic compromise or adjustment
- an obsolete word for temperature
n.early 15c., “proportioned mixture of elements,” from Latin temperamentum “proper mixture,” from temperare “to mix” (see temper). In medieval theory, it meant a combination of qualities (hot, cold, moist, dry) that determined the nature of an organism; this was extended to a combination of the four humors (sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, and melancholic) that made up a person’s characteristic disposition. General sense of “habit of mind, natural disposition” is from 1821. n.
- The manner of thinking, behaving, or reacting characteristic of a specific person.
- Disposition; temper.