tetrad


tetrad

noun

  1. a group of four.
  2. the number four.
  3. Cell Biology. a group of four chromatids formed by synapsis at the beginning of meiosis.
  4. Chemistry. a tetravalent or quadrivalent element, atom, or group.

noun

  1. a group or series of four
  2. the number four
  3. botany a group of four cells formed by meiosis from one diploid cell
  4. genetics a four-stranded structure, formed during the pachytene stage of meiosis, consisting of paired homologous chromosomes that have each divided into two chromatids
  5. chem an element, atom, group, or ion with a valency of four
  6. ecology a square of 2 × 2 km used in distribution mapping

n.1650s, from Greek tetras (comb. form tetrad-) “group of four” (see tetra-). n.

  1. A group or set of four.
  2. A tetravalent atom, radical, or element.
  3. A group of four chromatids formed from each of a pair of homologous chromosomes that split longitudinally during the prophase of meiosis.

  1. A four-part structure that forms during prophase I of meiosis and consists of two homologous chromosomes, each composed of two identical chromatids. During prophase I of meiosis, one chromosome exchanges corresponding segments of genetic material with the other chromosome in the tetrad in the process called crossing over. See more at meiosis.
  2. A group of four cells, as of spores or pollen grains, formed from a parent cell by meiosis. As part of the process of spermatogenesis, a spermatocyte divides into a tetrad of four spermatids, cells which go on to develop into sperm. See more at spermatogenesis.

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