- the act of abolishing: the abolition of war.
- the state of being abolished; annulment; abrogation: the abolition of unjust laws; the abolition of unfair taxes.
- the legal prohibition and ending of slavery, especially of slavery of blacks in the U.S.
- the act of abolishing or the state of being abolished; annulment
- (often capital) (in British territories) the ending of the slave trade (1807) or the ending of slavery (1833): accomplished after a long campaign led by William Wilberforce
- (often capital) (in the US) the emancipation of the slaves, accomplished by the Emancipation Proclamation issued in 1863 and ratified in 1865
1520s, from Middle French abolition or directly from Latin abolitionem (nominative abolitio) “an abolition,” noun of action from past participle stem of abolere “destroy” (see abolish). Specific application to “opposition to the black slave trade as a political question” is first attested 1788.