- one of the original or earliest known inhabitants of a country or region.
- (initial capital letter) Also Aboriginal. Also called Australian Aborigine. a member of the people who were the earliest inhabitants of Australia.
- aborigines, the original, native fauna or flora of a region.
- an original inhabitant of a country or region who has been there from the earliest known times
- Also called: Aboriginal a member of the indigenous people who were living in Australia when European settlers arrived
- any of the languages of this peopleSee also Australian (def. 3)
1858, mistaken singular of aborigines (1540s; the correct singular is aboriginal), from Latin Aborigines “the first ancestors of the Romans; the first inhabitants” (especially of Latium), possibly a tribal name, or from ab origine, literally “from the beginning.” Extended 1789 to natives of other countries which Europeans have colonized. Australian slang shortening Abo attested from 1922.