verb (used with object), an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing.
- to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize): to analyze an argument.
- to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem.
- to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
- to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc., analysis.
- to psychoanalyze: a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists.
c.1600, “to dissect,” from French analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of “to examine closely” dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.