- of or relating to a Catholic church, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
- (among Roman Catholics) claiming to possess exclusively the notes or characteristics of the one, only, true, and universal church having unity, visibility, indefectibility, apostolic succession, universality, and sanctity: used in this sense, with these qualifications, only by the Church of Rome, as applicable only to itself and its adherents and to their faith and organization; often qualified, especially by those not acknowledging these claims, by prefixing the word Roman.
- (among Anglo-Catholics) noting or pertaining to the conception of the church as the body representing the ancient undivided Christian witness, comprising all the orthodox churches that have kept the apostolic succession of bishops, and including the Anglican Church, the , the Eastern Orthodox Church, Church of Sweden, the Old (in the Netherlands and elsewhere), etc.
- pertaining to the Western Church.
- a member of a Catholic church, especially of the .
- opposed to the beliefs, practices, and adherents of the Roman Catholic Church
- someone opposed to the Roman Catholic Church and its adherentshe called him an anti-Catholic
- universal; relating to all men; all-inclusive
- comprehensive in interests, tastes, etc; broad-minded; liberal
- denoting or relating to the entire body of Christians, esp to the Church before separation into the Greek or Eastern and Latin or Western Churches
- denoting or relating to the Latin or Western Church after this separation
- denoting or relating to the Roman Catholic Church
- denoting or relating to any church, belief, etc, that claims continuity with or originates in the ancient undivided Church
- a member of any of the Churches regarded as Catholic, esp the Roman Catholic Church
“member of the Roman Catholic church,” 1560s, from(adj.).
mid-14c., “of the doctrines of the ancient Church,” literally “universally accepted,” from French catholique, from Church Latin catholicus “universal, general,” from Greek katholikos, from phrase kath’ holou “on the whole, in general,” from kata “about” + genitive of holos “whole” (see (adj.)). Applied to the Church in Rome c.1554, after the Reformation began. General sense of “of interest to all, universal” is from 1550s.