- (sometimes initial capital letter) the system of theological and philosophical teaching predominant in the Middle Ages, based chiefly upon the authority of the church fathers and of Aristotle and his commentators.
- narrow adherence to traditional teachings, doctrines, or methods.
- (sometimes capital) the system of philosophy, theology, and teaching that dominated medieval western Europe and was based on the writings of the Church Fathers and (from the 12th century) Aristotle
- strict adherence to traditional doctrines
1732, from+ .
Theand , marked by careful argumentation, that flourished among thinkers in Europe during the .