- a hill in Athens, Greece, W of the Acropolis.
- Greek History. the council that met on this hill, originally having wide public functions but later becoming a purely judicial body.
- any high tribunal.
- the hill to the northwest of the Acropolis in Athens
- (in ancient Athens) the judicial council whose members (Areopagites) met on this hill
- literary any high court
1640s, Greek, Areios pagos “the hill of ,” west of the Acropolis in Athens, where the highest judicial court sat; second element from pagos “rocky hill.” Sense extended to “any important tribunal.”