verb (used with object), Bal·kan·ized, Bal·kan·iz·ing.
- to divide (a country, territory, etc.) into small, quarrelsome, ineffectual states.
- (often lowercase) to divide (groups, areas, etc.) into contending and usually ineffectual factions: a movement to balkanize minority voters.
- (tr) to divide (a territory) into small warring states
- to divide (a group or organization) into small factions
1920, first used in reference to the Baltic states, on the model of what had happened in the Balkans; said to have been coined by English editor James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), but A.J. Toynbee (1922) credited it to “German Socialists” describing the results of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Either way, the reference is to the political situation in the Balkans c.1878-1913, when the European section of the Ottoman Empire split up into small, warring nations. Balkanized and Balkanization both also are from 1920.