< /bæðz, bɑðz, bæθs, bɑθs/.
- a washing or immersion of something, especially the body, in water, steam, etc., as for cleansing or medical treatment: I take a bath every day. Give the dog a bath.
- a quantity of water or other liquid used for this purpose: running a bath.
- a container for water or other cleansing liquid, as a bathtub.
- a room equipped for bathing; bathroom: The house has two baths.
- a building containing rooms or apartments with equipment for bathing; bathhouse.
- Often baths. one of the elaborate bathing establishments of the ancients: the baths of Caracalla.
- Usually baths. a town or resort visited for medical treatment by bathing or the like; spa.
- a preparation, as an acid solution, in which something is immersed.
- the container for such a preparation.
- a device for controlling the temperature of something by the use of a surrounding medium, as sand, water, oil, etc.
- the depressed hearth of a steelmaking furnace.
- the molten metal being made into steel in a steelmaking furnace.
- the state of being covered by a liquid, as perspiration: in a bath of sweat.
verb (used with or without object), bathed, bath·ing. Chiefly British.
- to wash or soak in a bath.
- take a bath, Informal. to suffer a large financial loss: Many investors are taking a bath on their bond investments.
verb (used with object), bathed, bath·ing.
- to immerse (all or part of the body) in water or some other liquid, for cleansing, refreshment, etc.
- to wet; wash.
- to moisten or suffuse with any liquid.
- to apply water or other liquid to, with a sponge, cloth, etc.: to bathe a wound.
- to wash over or against, as by the action of the sea, a river, etc.: incoming tides bathing the coral reef.
- to cover or surround: a shaft of sunlight bathing the room; a morning fog bathing the city.
verb (used without object), bathed, bath·ing.
- the act of bathing, especially in the sea, a lake, or a river.
- a swimming bath.
- a city in SW England, in Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority, Somerset, on the River Avon: famous for its hot springs; a fashionable spa in the 18th century; Roman remains, notably the baths; university (1966). Pop: 90 144 (2001)Latin name: Aquae Sulis (ˈækwiːˈsuːlɪs)
- (intr) to swim or paddle in a body of open water or a river, esp for pleasure
- (tr) to apply liquid to (skin, a wound, etc) in order to cleanse or soothe
- to immerse or be immersed in a liquidto bathe machine parts in oil
- mainly US and Canadian to wash in a bath
- (tr; often passive) to suffuseher face was bathed with radiance
- (tr) (of water, the sea, etc) to lap; washwaves bathed the shore
- British a swim or paddle in a body of open water or a river
noun plural baths (bɑːðz)
- a large container, esp one made of enamelled iron or plastic, used for washing or medically treating the bodyRelated adjective: balneal
- the act or an instance of washing in such a container
- the amount of liquid contained in a bath
- run a bath to turn on the taps to fill a bath with water for bathing oneself
- (usually plural) a place that provides baths or a swimming pool for public use
- a vessel in which something is immersed to maintain it at a constant temperature, to process it photographically, electrolytically, etc, or to lubricate it
- the liquid used in such a vessel
- British to wash in a bath
- an ancient Hebrew unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.3 Imperial gallons or 10 US gallons
1540s, verbal noun from bathe (v.). Bathing suit is recorded from 1852 (bathing costume from 1830); bathing beauty is 1920, from vaudeville.
Old English bæð “immersing in water, mud, etc.,” also “quantity of water, etc., for bathing,” from Proto-Germanic *batham (cf. Old Norse bað, Middle Dutch bat, German bad), from PIE root *bhe- “to warm” (cf. Latin fovere “to foment”) + Germanic *-thuz suffix indicating “act, process, condition” (cf. birth, death). Original sense was of heating, not immersing in water. The city in Somerset, England (Old English Baðun) was so called from its hot springs. Bath salts attested from 1875 (Dr. Julius Braun, “On the Curative Effects of Baths and Waters”).
n. pl. baths (băðz, băths)
- The act of soaking or cleansing the body or any of its parts, as in water.
- The apparatus used in giving a bath.
- The fluid used to maintain the metabolic activities of an organism.
see take a bath; throw out the baby with the bath water.