- any of various relatively long pieces of metal, wood, stone, etc., manufactured or shaped especially for use as rigid members or parts of structures or machines.
- Building Trades. a horizontal bearing member, as a joist or lintel.
- Engineering. a rigid member or structure supported at each end, subject to bending stresses from a direction perpendicular to its length.
- a horizontal structural member, usually transverse, for supporting the decks and flats of a vessel.
- the extreme width of a vessel.
- the shank of an anchor.
- Aeronautics. the direction perpendicular to the plane of symmetry of an aircraft and outward from the side.
- the widest part.
- Slang. the measure across both hips or buttocks: broad in the beam.
- walking beam.
- (in a loom) a roller or cylinder on which the warp is wound before weaving.
- a similar cylinder on which cloth is wound as it is woven.
- the crossbar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales or pans are suspended.
- a ray of light: The sun shed its beams upon the vineyard.
- a group of nearly parallel rays.
- Radio, Aeronautics. a signal transmitted along a narrow course, used to guide pilots through darkness, bad weather, etc.
- Electronics. a narrow stream of electrons, as that emitted from the electron gun of a cathode ray tube.
- the angle at which a microphone or loudspeaker functions best.
- the cone-shaped range of effective use of a microphone or loudspeaker.
- Citizens Band Radio Slang. beam antenna.
- a gleam; suggestion: a beam of hope.
- a radiant smile.
- the principal stem of the antler of a deer.
verb (used with object)
- to emit in or as in beams or rays.
- Radio. to transmit (a signal) in a particular direction.
- Radio and Television. to direct (a program, commercial message, etc.) to a predetermined audience.
verb (used without object)
- to emit beams, as of light.
- to smile radiantly or happily.
- beam in, Citizens Band Radio Slang. to be received under optimum conditions; be heard loud and clear: They told me I was really beaming in.
- fly the beam, Radio, Aeronautics. (of an aircraft) to be guided by a beam.
- off the beam,
- not on the course indicated by a radio beam.
- Informal.wrong; incorrect: The pollsters were off the beam again for the last presidential election.
- on the beam,
- on the course indicated by a radio beam, as an airplane.
- Nautical.at right angles to the keel.
- Informal.proceeding well; correct; exact: Their research is right on the beam and the results should be very valuable.
- a long thick straight-sided piece of wood, metal, concrete, etc, esp one used as a horizontal structural member
- any rigid member or structure that is loaded transversely
- the breadth of a ship or boat taken at its widest part, usually amidships
- a ray or column of light, as from a beacon
- a broad smile
- one of the two cylindrical rollers on a loom, one of which holds the warp threads before weaving, the other the finished work
- the main stem of a deer’s antler from which the smaller branches grow
- the central shaft of a plough to which all the main parts are attached
- a narrow unidirectional flow of electromagnetic radiation or particlesa beam of light; an electron beam
- the horizontal centrally pivoted bar in a balance
- informal the width of the hips (esp in the phrase broad in the beam)
- a beam in one’s eye a fault or grave error greater in oneself than in another person
- off beam or off the beam
- not following a radio beam to maintain a course
- informalwrong, mistaken, or irrelevant
- on the beam
- following a radio beam to maintain a course
- nauticalopposite the beam of a vessel; abeam
- informalcorrect, relevant, or appropriate
- to send out or radiate (rays of light)
- (tr) to divert or aim (a radio signal or broadcast, light, etc) in a certain directionto beam a programme to Tokyo
- to pass (data, esp business card details, etc) from one hand-held computer to another by means of infrared beams
- (intr) to smile broadly with pleasure or satisfaction
Old English beam originally “living tree,” but by late 10c. also “rafter, post, ship’s timber,” from Proto-Germanic *baumaz (cf. Old Norse baðmr, Old Frisian bam “tree, gallows, beam,” Middle Dutch boom, Old High German boum, German Baum “tree,” Gothic bagms), perhaps from PIE verb root *bheue- “to grow” (see be). The shift from *-au- to -ea- is regular in Old English.
Meaning “ray of light” developed in Old English, probably because it was used by Bede to render Latin columna lucis, the Biblical “pillar of fire.” Nautical sense of “one of the horizontal transverse timbers holding a ship together” is from early 13c., hence “greatest breadth of a ship,” and slang broad in the beam “wide-hipped” (of persons). To be on the beam (1941) was originally an aviator’s term for “to follow the course indicated by a radio beam.”
“emit rays of light,” early 15c., from beam (n.) in the “ray of light” sense. Sense of “to smile radiantly” is from 1804; that of “to direct radio transmissions” is from 1927. Related: Beamed; beaming.
see broad in the beam; off the beam.