- Physiology. a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, especially of fats.
- ill temper; peevishness.
- Old Physiology. either of two humors associated with anger and gloominess.
- a bitter greenish to golden brown alkaline fluid secreted by the liver and stored in the gall bladder. It is discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it aids the emulsification and absorption of fats
- irritability or peevishness
- archaic either of two bodily humours, one of which (black bile) was thought to cause melancholy and the other (yellow bile) anger
- a Scot word for boil 1
1660s, from French bile (17c.) “bile,” also, informally, “anger,” from Latin bilis “fluid secreted by the liver,” also one of the four humors (also known as choler), thus “anger, peevishness” (especially as black bile, 1797).
- A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum and aids in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats.gall1
- Either of two bodily humors, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
- A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, concentrated and stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum of the small intestine. It helps in the digestion of fats and the neutralization of acids, such as the hydrochloric acid secreted by the stomach. Bile consists of salts, acids, cholesterol, lipids, pigments, and water.♦ Bile salts help in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats.♦ Bile pigments are waste products formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin from old red blood cells.