bohemia


noun

  1. Czech Čechy. a region in the W Czech Republic: formerly a kingdom in central Europe; under Hapsburg rule 1526–1918. 20,101 sq. mi. (52,060 sq. km).
  2. (often lowercase) a district inhabited by persons, typically artists, writers, and intellectuals, whose way of life, dress, etc., are generally unconventional or avant-garde.
  3. (often lowercase) the social circles where such behavior is prevalent.

noun

  1. a former kingdom of central Europe, surrounded by mountains: independent from the 9th to the 13th century; belonged to the Hapsburgs from 1526 until 1918
  2. an area of the W Czech Republic, formerly a province of Czechoslovakia (1918–1949). From 1939 until 1945 it formed part of the German protectorate of Bohemia-MoraviaCzech name: Čechy German name: Böhmen (ˈbøːmən)
  3. a district frequented by unconventional people, esp artists or writers

central European kingdom, mid-15c., Beeme, from Middle French Boheme “Bohemia,” from Latin Boiohaemum (Tacitus), from Boii, the Celtic people who settled in what is now Bohemia (and were driven from it by the Germanic Marcomans early 1c.; singular Boius, fem. Boia, perhaps literally “warriors”) + PIE *haimaz “home” (see home (n.)). Attested from 1861 in meaning “community of artists and social Bohemians” or in reference to the district where they live (see bohemian).

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