noun, plural bon·sai.
- a tree or shrub that has been dwarfed, as by pruning the roots and pinching, and is grown in a pot or other container and trained to produce a desired shape or effect.
- the art or hobby of developing and growing such a plant or plants.
noun plural -sai
- the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
- a tree or shrub grown by this method
1914, from Japanese bon “basin, pot” + sai “to plant.”