bound 1[bound] SynonymsWord Origin verb
- simple past tense and past participle of bind.
- tied; in bonds: a bound prisoner.
- made fast as if by a band or bond: She is bound to her family.
- secured within a cover, as a book.
- under a legal or moral obligation: He is bound by the terms of the contract.
- destined; sure; certain: It is bound to happen.
- determined or resolved: He is bound to go.
- Pathology. constipated.
- Mathematics. (of a vector) having a specified initial point as well as magnitude and direction.Compare free(def 32).
- held with another element, substance, or material in chemical or physical union.
- (of a linguistic form) occurring only in combination with other forms, as most affixes.Compare free(def 35).
- bound up in/with,
- inseparably connected with.
- devoted or attached to: She is bound up in her teaching.
Origin of bound 1past participle and past tense of bind Related formsbound·ness, nounSynonyms for bound 5. liable, obligated, obliged, compelled. British Dictionary definitions for bound up in bound 1 verb
- the past tense and past participle of bind
- in bonds or chains; tied with or as if with a ropea bound prisoner
- (in combination) restricted; confinedhousebound; fogbound
- (postpositive , foll by an infinitive) destined; sure; certainit’s bound to happen
- (postpositive, often foll by by) compelled or obliged to act, behave, or think in a particular way, as by duty, circumstance, or convention
- (of a book) secured within a cover or bindingto deliver bound books See also half-bound
- (postpositive, foll by on) US resolved; determinedbound on winning
- denoting a morpheme, such as the prefix non-, that occurs only as part of another word and not as a separate word in itselfCompare free (def. 21)
- (in systemic grammar) denoting a clause that has a nonfinite predicator or that is introduced by a binder, and that occurs only together with a freestanding clauseCompare freestanding
- logic (of a variable) occurring within the scope of a quantifier that indicates the degree of generality of the open sentence in which the variable occurs: in (x) (Fx → bxy), x is bound and y is freeSee free (def. 22)
- bound up with closely or inextricably linked withhis irritability is bound up with his work
- I’ll be bound I am sure (something) is true
bound 2 verb
- to move forwards or make (one’s way) by leaps or jumps
- to bounce; spring away from an impact
- a jump upwards or forwards
- by leaps and bounds with unexpectedly rapid progessher condition improved by leaps and bounds
- a sudden pronounced sense of excitementhis heart gave a sudden bound when he saw her
- a bounce, as of a ball
Word Origin for bound C16: from Old French bond a leap, from bondir to jump, resound, from Vulgar Latin bombitīre (unattested) to buzz, hum, from Latin bombus booming sound bound 3 verb
- (tr) to place restrictions on; limit
- (when intr, foll by on) to form a boundary of (an area of land or sea, political or administrative region, etc)
- a number which is greater than all the members of a set of numbers (an upper bound), or less than all its members (a lower bound)See also bounded (def. 1)
- more generally, an element of an ordered set that has the same ordering relation to all the members of a given subset
- whence, an estimate of the extent of some set
- See bounds
Word Origin for bound C13: from Old French bonde, from Medieval Latin bodina, of Gaulish origin bound 4 adjective
- (postpositive, often foll by for)going or intending to go towards; on the way toa ship bound for Jamaica; homeward bound
- (in combination)northbound traffic
Word Origin for bound C13: from Old Norse buinn, past participle of būa to prepare Word Origin and History for bound up in bound v.2
“to leap,” 1580s, from French bondir “to rebound, resound, echo,” from Old French bondir “to leap, rebound; make a noise, beat (a drum),” 13c., ultimately “to echo back,” from Vulgar Latin *bombitire “to buzz, hum” (see bomb (n.)), perhaps on model of Old French tentir, from Vulgar Latin *tinnitire.
“fastened,” mid-14c., in figurative sense of “compelled,” from bounden, past participle of bind (v.). Meaning “under obligation” is from late 15c.; the literal sense “made fast by tying” is the latest recorded (1550s).
“ready to go,” c.1200, boun, from Old Norse buinn past participle of bua “to prepare,” also “to dwell, to live,” from Proto-Germanic *bowan (cf. Old High German buan “to dwell,” Old Danish both “dwelling, stall”), from PIE root *bheue- “to be, exist, dwell” (see be). Final -d is presumably through association with bound (adj.1).
“limit,” c.1200, from Anglo-Latin bunda, from Old French bonde “limit, boundary, boundary stone” (12c., Modern French borne), variant of bodne, from Medieval Latin bodina, perhaps from Gaulish. Now chiefly in out of bounds, which originally referred to limits imposed on students at schools.
“to form the boundary of,” also “to set the boundaries of,” late 14c., from bound (n.). Related: Bounded; bounding.
Idioms and Phrases with bound up in bound up in
Also, bound up with. Deeply or inextricably involved in. For example, Obviously the candidate was bound up with the negotiations on the party platform, or She is bound up in her church activities. This usage appears in the Bible (Genesis 44:30): “His life is bound up in the lad’s life.” [Late 1500s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with bound
Also see underbind.