- any of various gourds, especially the bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria.
- a tropical American tree, Crescentia cujete, of the bignonia family, bearing large, gourdlike fruit.
- any of several other plants having gourdlike fruit.
- the fruit of any of these plants.
- the dried, hollowed-out shell of any of these fruits, used as a container or utensil.
- a bottle, kettle, ladle, etc., made from such a shell.
- a tobacco pipe with a large bowl made from a calabash and usually having a curved stem.
- a gourd used as a rattle, drum, etc.
- Also called: calabash tree a tropical American evergreen tree, Crescentia cujete, that produces large round gourds: family Bignoniaceae
- another name for the bottle gourd
- the gourd of either of these plants
- the dried hollow shell of a gourd used as the bowl of a tobacco pipe, a bottle, rattle, etc
- calabash nutmeg a tropical African shrub, Monodora myristica, whose oily aromatic seeds can be used as nutmegs: family Annonaceae
1590s, “dried, hollowed gourd used as a drinking cup,” from Spanish calabaza, possibly from Arabic qar’a yabisa “dry gourd,” from Persian kharabuz, used of various large melons; or from a pre-Roman Iberian *calapaccia.