caligula


caligula

noun

  1. Gaius Caesar, a.d. 12–41, emperor of Rome 37–41.

noun

  1. original name Gaius Caesar, son of Germanicus. 12–41 ad, Roman emperor (37–41), noted for his cruelty and tyranny; assassinated

cognomen of the third Roman emperor (12 C.E.-41 C.E.), born Gaius Caesar. The nickname is Latin, literally “little boot,” given when he joined his father on military campaigns when still a toddler, in full, child-sized military gear; diminutive of caliga “heavy military shoe,” of unknown origin.

A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century a.d.; one of the twelve Caesars. To humiliate the senators of Rome, he appointed his horse to the senate.

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