noun (used with a singular verb)
- German Kamerun. a region in W Africa: a German protectorate 1884–1919; divided in 1919 into British and French mandates.
- Also called British Cameroons. the NW part of this region: a British mandate 1919–46 and trusteeship 1946–61; by a 1961 plebiscite the S part (Southern Cameroons) joined the United Republic of Cameroon and the N part (Northern Cameroons) joined Nigeria.
- Also Cameroun. Official name United Republic of Cameroon. an independent republic in W Africa: formed 1960 by the French trusteeship of Cameroun; Southern Cameroons incorporated as a self-governing province 1961. 183,350 sq. mi. (474,877 sq. km). Capital: Yaoundé.
- an active volcano in W Cameroon: highest peak on the coast of W Africa. 13,370 feet (4075 meters).
- a republic in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: became a German colony in 1884; divided in 1919 into the Cameroons (administered by Britain) and Cameroun (administered by France); Cameroun and the S part of the Cameroons formed a republic in 1961 (the N part joined Nigeria); became a member of the Commonwealth in 1995. Official languages: French and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: franc. Capital: Yaoundé. Pop: 20 549 221 (2013 est). Area: 475 500 sq km (183 591 sq miles)French name: Cameroun German name: Kamerun
- an active volcano in W Cameroon: the highest peak on the West African coast. Height: 4070 m (13 352 ft)
Republic in west-central Africa, bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Gulf of Guinea (part of the Atlantic Ocean) to the west. Yaounde is its capital, and Douala is its largest city.