- of or relating to the Frankish dynasty that reigned in France a.d. 751–987, first under Charlemagne, and in Germany until a.d. 911.
- pertaining to or designating the arts, script, or culture of the Carolingian period, chiefly characterized by a revival of the forms of classical antiquity modified by ecclesiastical requirements: Carolingian renaissance.
- a member of the Carolingian dynasty. Abbreviation: Carol.
- of or relating to the Frankish dynasty founded by Pepin the Short, son of Charles Martel, which ruled in France from 751–987 ad and in Germany until 911 ad
- a member of the dynasty of the Carolingian Franks
1881, “belonging to the dynasty founded by Carl the Great” (French Charlemagne), from Latin Carolus “Charles;” also cf. Carlovingian.