< /kɔˈkæs ɪk, -ˈkæz-/.

  1. Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) of, relating to, or characteristic of one of the traditional racial divisions of humankind, marked by fair to dark skin, straight to tightly curled hair, and light to very dark eyes, and originally inhabiting Europe, parts of North Africa, western Asia, and India.
  2. white(def 3): a brown-haired Caucasian female with a tattoo on her left shoulder.
  3. of or relating to the Caucasus mountain range.
  4. of or related to the non-Indo-European, non-Turkic languages of the Caucasus region.


  1. Anthropology. (no longer in technical use) a member of the peoples traditionally classified as the Caucasian race, especially those peoples having light to fair skin.
  2. a white person: The majority of management positions in the company were filled by Caucasians.
  3. a native of Caucasia.


  1. old-fashioned another word for Caucasoid
  2. of or relating to the Caucasus


  1. a White person; a Caucasoid
  2. a native or inhabitant of Caucasia
  3. any of three possibly related families of languages spoken in the Caucasus: North-West Caucasian, including Circassian and Abkhaz, North-East Caucasian, including Avar, and South Caucasian including Georgian

“resident or native of the Caucasus,” 1843; see Caucasus + -ian. Meaning “one of the ‘white’ race” is from 1958 (earlier Caucasoid, 1956).


1807, from Caucasus Mountains, between the Black and Caspian seas; applied to the “white” race 1795 (in German) by German anthropologist Johann Blumenbach, because its supposed ancestral homeland lay there; since abandoned as a historical/anthropological term. (See Aryan).

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