- a document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
- (often initial capital letter) a document defining the formal organization of a corporate body; constitution: the Charter of the United Nations.
- authorization from a central or parent organization to establish a new branch, chapter, etc.
- a grant by a sovereign power creating a corporation, as the royal charters granted to British colonies in America.
- Also called charter party. a contract by which part or all of a ship is leased for a voyage or a stated time.
- a tour, vacation, or trip by charter arrangement: The travel agency is offering charters to Europe and the Caribbean.
- special privilege or immunity.
verb (used with object)
- to establish by charter: to charter a bank.
- to lease or hire for exclusive use: The company will charter six buses for the picnic.
- to give special favor or privilege to.
- of or relating to a method of travel in which the transportation is specially leased or hired for members of a group or association: a charter flight to Europe.
- that can be leased or hired for exclusive or private use: a charter boat for deep-sea fishing.
- done or held in accordance with a charter: a charter school.
- (of a professional person) having attained certain professional qualifications or standards and acquired membership of a particular professional body
- a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc, and specifying its purposes and rights
- (sometimes capital) a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
- a document issued by a society or an organization authorizing the establishment of a local branch or chapter
- a special privilege or exemption
- (often capital) the fundamental principles of an organization; constitutionthe Charter of the United Nations
- the hire or lease of transportation
- the agreement or contract regulating this
- (as modifier)a charter flight
- a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirablea beggars’ charter
- maritime law another word for charterparty
- to lease or hire by charterparty
- to hire (a vehicle, etc)
- to grant a charter of incorporation or liberties to (a group or person)
early 15c., “provide with a charter,” from charter (n.). Meaning “to hire” is attested from 1806. Related: Chartered; chartering.
c.1200, from Old French chartre (12c.) “charter, letter, document, covenant,” from Latin chartula, literally “little paper,” diminutive of charta, carta “paper, document” (see chart (n.)).