chastise


verb (used with object), chas·tised, chas·tis·ing.

  1. to discipline, especially by corporal punishment.
  2. to criticize severely.
  3. Archaic. to restrain; chasten.
  4. Archaic. to refine; purify.

verb (tr)

  1. to discipline or punish, esp by beating
  2. to scold severely
v.

c.1300, chastisen, from Old French chastiier “to warn, advise, instruct; chastise, admonish; punish; dominate, tame” (12c., Modern French châtier), from Latin castigare “to set or keep right, to reprove, chasten, to punish,” literally “to make pure” (see castigate). Or perhaps from Middle English chastien (see chasten) + -ise, though this would be early for such a native formation. The form of the modern word “is not easily accounted for” [OED]. Related: Chastised; chastising.

He alone may chastise who loves. [Rabindranath Tagore, “The Crescent Moon,” 1913]

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