chernozem


noun

  1. a soil common in cool or temperate semiarid climates, very black and rich in humus and carbonates.

noun

  1. a black soil, rich in humus and carbonates, in cool or temperate semiarid regions, as the grasslands of Russia
n.

1842, from Russian chernozem, literally “black earth,” from chernyi “black,” from PIE *kers- “dark, dirty” (see Krishna) + zemlya “earth, soil,” from Old Russian zemi “land, earth,” from PIE *dhghem- “earth” (see chthonic).

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