- a dry, red, Italian table wine, originally put up in straw-covered bottles.
- (sometimes capital) a dry red wine produced in the Chianti region of Italy
- a mountain range in central Italy, in Tuscany, rising over 870 m (2900 ft): part of the Apennines
also chiante, kind of dry red wine, 1833, from Chianti Mountains of Tuscany, where the wine was made. “[L]oosely applied to various inferior Italian wines” [OED].