- A(rchibald) J(oseph),1896–1981, Scottish novelist and physician in the U.S.
- A (rchibald) J (oseph). 1896–1981, British novelist and physician. His works include Hatter’s Castle (1931), The Judas Tree (1961), and Dr Finlay’s Casebook, a TV series based on his medical experiences
- James Watson. born 1931, US physicist; shared the Nobel prize for physics (1980) for his work on parity conservation in weak interactions