- the act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work: Medical students with high student loans often feel driven into specialization.
- Biology. the adaptation of an organism or organ to a special function or environment: Basic biology suggests the selective pressures leading to convergent evolutionary specialization among desert-dwelling species.
- the act of being restricted to some specific, or the act of becoming specialized.
- The act of specializing.
- A specialty.
- Adaptation, as of an organ or organism, to a specific function or environment.