- 384?–322 b.c., Athenian statesman and orator.
- 384–322 bc, Athenian statesman, orator, and lifelong opponent of the power of Macedonia over Greece
The greatest orator of ancient Greece. Demosthenes is said to have overcome a childhood stutter by forcing himself to speak with pebbles in his mouth. He delivered speeches called Philippics attacking King Philip of Macedon, who was an enemy of Demosthenes’ city of Athens (see also Athens).