diffuser


noun

  1. a person or thing that diffuses.
  2. (in various machines or mechanical systems, as centrifugal pumps or compressors) a device for utilizing part of the kinetic energy of a fluid passing through a machine by gradually increasing the cross-sectional area of the channel or chamber through which it flows so as to decrease its speed and increase its pressure.
  3. (in a lighting fixture) any of a variety of translucent materials for filtering glare from the light source.
  4. a pierced plate or similar device for distributing compressed air for aeration of sewage.

noun

  1. a person or thing that diffuses
  2. a part of a lighting fixture consisting of a translucent or frosted covering or of a rough reflector: used to scatter the light and prevent glare
  3. a cone, wedge, or baffle placed in front of the diaphragm of a loudspeaker to diffuse the sound waves
  4. a duct, esp in a wind tunnel or jet engine, that widens gradually in the direction of flow to reduce the speed and increase the pressure of the air or fluid
  5. photog a light-scattering medium, such as a screen of fine fabric, placed in the path of a source of light to reduce the sharpness of shadows and thus soften the lighting
  6. a perforated plate or similar device for distributing compressed air in the aeration of sewage
  7. a device, attached to a hairdryer, which diffuses the warm air as it comes out

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