- having or exhibiting discipline; rigorous: paintings characterized by a disciplined technique.
- training to act in accordance with rules; drill: military discipline.
- activity, exercise, or a regimen that develops or improves a skill; training: A daily stint at the typewriter is excellent discipline for a writer.
- punishment inflicted by way of correction and training.
- the rigor or training effect of experience, adversity, etc.: the harsh discipline of poverty.
- behavior in accord with rules of conduct; behavior and order maintained by training and control: good discipline in an army.
- a set or system of rules and regulations.
- Ecclesiastical. the system of government regulating the practice of a church as distinguished from its doctrine.
- an instrument of punishment, especially a whip or scourge, used in the practice of self-mortification or as an instrument of chastisement in certain religious communities.
- a branch of instruction or learning: the disciplines of history and economics.
verb (used with object), dis·ci·plined, dis·ci·plin·ing.
- to train by instruction and exercise; drill.
- to bring to a state of order and obedience by training and control.
- to punish or penalize in order to train and control; correct; chastise.
- training or conditions imposed for the improvement of physical powers, self-control, etc
- systematic training in obedience to regulations and authority
- the state of improved behaviour, etc, resulting from such training or conditions
- punishment or chastisement
- a system of rules for behaviour, methods of practice, etc
- a branch of learning or instruction
- the laws governing members of a Church
- a scourge of knotted cords
- to improve or attempt to improve the behaviour, orderliness, etc, of by training, conditions, or rules
- to punish or correct
early 13c., “penitential chastisement; punishment,” from Old French descepline (11c.) “discipline, physical punishment; teaching; suffering; martyrdom,” and directly from Latin disciplina “instruction given, teaching, learning, knowledge,” also “object of instruction, knowledge, science, military discipline,” from discipulus (see disciple (n.)).
Sense of “treatment that corrects or punishes” is from notion of “order necessary for instruction.” The Latin word is glossed in Old English by þeodscipe. Meaning “branch of instruction or education” is first recorded late 14c. Meaning “military training” is from late 15c.; that of “orderly conduct as a result of training” is from c.1500.
c.1300; see discipline (n.). Related: Disciplined; disciplines; disciplining.