Dreyfus affair [(dreye-fuhs, dray-fuhs)]
A scandal inat the end of the nineteenth century involving a Jewish army officer, Alfred Dreyfus. Dreyfus was falsely convicted of betraying French military secrets and was sentenced to life imprisonment. French society was deeply divided over Dreyfus, with , including Émile and Georges , arguing that he was innocent, and defending the French military authorities. Dislike of (see also ) also affected the opinions of many in France about the incident. Zola’s article “J’accuse” (“I accuse”) strongly influenced the public in Dreyfus’s favor. Dreyfus was eventually cleared of all charges, reinstated in the army with a promotion, and publicly honored.