noun, plural e·col·o·gies for defs 2, 3.
- the branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions between organisms and their environment, including other organisms.
- the set of relationships existing between organisms and their environment: desert ecologies.
- the set of relationships existing between any complex system and its surroundings or environment: the ecology and politics of healthcare.
- Also called human ecology. the branch of sociology concerned with the spacing and interdependence of people and institutions.
- advocacy for the protection of natural resources from pollution or its effects; environmentalism.
- the study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment
- the set of relationships of a particular organism with its environment
- the study of the relationships between human groups and their physical environment
1873, “branch of science dealing with the relationship of living things to their environments, coined by German zoologist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) as Okologie, from Greek oikos “house, dwelling place, habitation” (see villa) + -logia “study of” (see -logy). In use with reference to anti-pollution activities from 1960s.
- The branch of science that is concerned with the relationships between organisms and their environments.
- The relationship between organisms and their environments.
- The study of the detrimental effects of modern civilization on the environment, with a view toward their prevention or reversal through conservation.
- The scientific study of the relationships between living things and their environments. Also called bionomics
- A system of such relationships within a particular environment.
The study of living things, their environment, and the relation between the two.