enclitic


adjective

  1. (of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the preceding word and not having an independent accent or phonological status.

noun

  1. an enclitic word, as Latin que “and” in arma virumque, “arms and the man.”

adjective

    1. denoting or relating to a monosyllabic word or form that is treated as a suffix of the preceding word, as Latin -que in populusque
    2. (in classical Greek) denoting or relating to a word that throws an accent back onto the preceding word

noun

  1. an enclitic word or linguistic form

1650s (adj.); 1660s (n.), from Late Latin encliticus, from Greek enklitikos “throwing its accent back,” literally “leaning on,” from verbal adjectival stem of enklinein “to bend, lean on,” from en (see en- (2)) + klinein “to lean” (see lean (v.)).

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