- John Franklin,1897–1985, U.S. bacteriologist: Nobel Prize in Medicine 1954.
- John Franklin. 1897–1985, US microbiologist: shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine (1954) with Frederick Robbins and Thomas Weller for their work on viruses
- American bacteriologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for developing a method of growing the poliomyelitis virus in various tissue cultures.