existentialism [eg-zi-sten-shuh-liz-uh m, ek-si-] EXAMPLES|WORD ORIGIN noun Philosophy. a philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and Sartre, and opposed to rationalism and empiricism, that stresses the individual’s unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices.
Origin of existentialism 1940–45; German Existentialismus (1919); see, Related formsex·is·ten·tial·ist, adjective, nounex·is·ten·tial·is·tic, adjectiveex·is·ten·tial·is·ti·cal·ly, adverbnon·ex·is·ten·tial·ism, noun Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019 Examples from the Web for existentialism Contemporary Examples of existentialism
“It all goes back to existentialism,” she says of her career.
May 14, 2009
British Dictionary definitions for existentialism existentialism noun a modern philosophical movement stressing the importance of personal experience and responsibility and the demands that they make on the individual, who is seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe Derived Formsexistentialist, adjective, noun Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Word Origin and History for existentialism n.
1941, from German Existentialismus (1919), replacing Existentialforhold (1849), ultimately from Danish writer Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), who wrote (1846) of Existents-Forhold “condition of existence,” existentielle Pathos, etc. (see), and whose name means, literally, “churchyard.”
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper existentialism in Culture existentialism
A movement in twentieth-century literature and, with some forerunners in earlier centuries. Existentialism stresses that people are entirely free and therefore responsible for what they make of themselves. With this responsibility comes a profound anguish or dread. Søren and Feodor in the nineteenth century, and Jean-Paul , Martin Heidegger, and Albert Camus in the twentieth century, were existentialist writers.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.