- a native of Flanders.
- a Flemish-speaking Belgian.
- Sir Alexander,1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist and physician: discoverer of penicillin 1928; Nobel Prize in Medicine 1945.
- Ian (Lancaster),1908–64, British writer of suspense novels.
- Peggy (Gale),born 1948, U.S. figure skater.
- a native or inhabitant of Flanders or a Flemish-speaking BelgianCompare Walloon
- Sir Alexander . 1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist: discovered lysozyme (1922) and penicillin (1928): shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine in 1945
- Ian (Lancaster). 1908–64, English author of spy novels; creator of the secret agent James Bond
- Sir John Ambrose . 1849–1945, English electrical engineer: invented the thermionic valve (1904)
- Renée . born 1959, US operatic soprano and songwriter
Old English Flæming “native or inhabitant of Flanders,” and Old Frisian Fleming, from Proto-Germanic *Flam- (cf. Medieval Latin Flamingus); see Flanders.
- British bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928. He shared a 1945 Nobel Prize for this achievement.
- Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928. The drug was developed and purified 11 years later by Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, with whom Fleming shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. Fleming was also the first to administer typhoid vaccines to humans.
- British physicist and electrical engineer who devised the first electron tube in 1904. His invention was essential to the development of radio, television, and early computer circuitry. Fleming also helped develop electric devices designed for large-scale use, such as the electric lamp.