noun, plural flies.
- Also called true fly. any of numerous two-winged insects of the order Diptera, especially of the family Muscidae, as the common housefly.
- any of various winged insects, as the mayfly or firefly.
- Angling. a fishhook dressed with hair, feathers, silk, tinsel, etc., so as to resemble an insect or small fish, for use as a lure or bait.
- (initial capital letter) Astronomy. the constellation Musca.
- fly in the ointment, a detrimental factor; detraction: If there’s one fly in the ointment, it’s that there may not be the money to finish the job.
verb flies, flying, flew or flown
- (intr) (of birds, aircraft, etc) to move through the air in a controlled manner using aerodynamic forces
- to travel over (an area of land or sea) in an aircraft
- to operate (an aircraft or spacecraft)
- to float, flutter, or be displayed in the air or cause to float, etc, in this wayto fly a kite; they flew the flag
- to transport or be transported by or through the air by aircraft, wind, etc
- (intr) to move or be moved very quickly, forcibly, or suddenlyshe came flying towards me; the door flew open
- (intr) to pass swiftlytime flies
- to escape from (an enemy, place, etc); fleehe flew the country
- (intr; may be foll by at or upon) to attack a person
- (intr) to have a sudden outbursthe flew into a rage again
- (intr) (of money, etc) to vanish rapidly
- (tr) falconry (of hawks) to fly at (quarry) in attackperegrines fly rooks
- (tr) theatre to suspend (scenery) above the stage so that it may be lowered into view
- fly a kite
- to procure money by an accommodation bill
- to release information or take a step in order to test public opinion
- fly high informal
- to have a high aim
- to prosper or flourish
- fly in the face of See face (def. 19)
- fly off the handle informal to lose one’s temper
- fly the coop US and Canadian informal to leave suddenly
- go fly a kite US and Canadian informal go away
- let fly informal
- to lose one’s temper (with a person)she really let fly at him
- to shoot or throw (an object)
noun plural flies
- Also called: fly front (often plural) a closure that conceals a zip, buttons, or other fastening, by having one side overlapping, as on trousers
- Also called: fly sheet
- a flap forming the entrance to a tent
- a piece of canvas drawn over the ridgepole of a tent to form an outer roof
- a small air brake used to control the chiming of large clocks
- the horizontal weighted arm of a fly press
- the outer edge of a flag
- the distance from the outer edge of a flag to the staffCompare hoist (def. 9)
- British a light one-horse covered carriage formerly let out on hire
- Australian and NZ an attemptI’ll give it a fly
- a device for transferring printed sheets from the press to a flat pile
- Also called: flyhanda person who collects and stacks printed matter from a printing press
- a piece of paper folded once to make four pages, with printing only on the first page
- (plural) theatre the space above the stage out of view of the audience, used for storing scenery, etc
- rare the act of flying
noun plural flies
- any dipterous insect, esp the housefly, characterized by active flightSee also horsefly, blowfly, tsetse fly, crane fly
- any of various similar but unrelated insects, such as the caddis fly, firefly, dragonfly, and chalcid fly
- angling a lure made from a fish-hook dressed with feathers, tinsel, etc, to resemble any of various flies or nymphs: used in fly-fishingSee also dry fly, wet fly
- (in southern Africa) an area that is infested with the tsetse fly
- drink with the flies Australian slang to drink alone
- fly in amber See amber (def. 2)
- fly in the ointment informal a slight flaw that detracts from value, completeness, or enjoyment
- fly on the wall a person who watches others, while not being noticed himself or herself
- there are no flies on him informal he is no fool
adjective flyer or flyest slang
- mainly British knowing and sharp; smart
- mainly Scot furtive or sneaky
- on the fly mainly Scot in secret; sneakily
slang, “clever, alert, wide awake,” late 18c., perhaps from fly (n.) on the notion of the insect being hard to catch. Other theories, however, trace it to fledge or flash. Slang use in 1990s might be a revival or a reinvention.
Old English fleoge “fly, winged insect,” from Proto-Germanic *fleugjon (cf. Old Saxon fleiga, Old Norse fluga, Middle Dutch vlieghe, Dutch vlieg, Old High German flioga, German Fliege “fly); literally “the flying (insect)” (cf. Old English fleogende “flying”), from same source as fly (v.1).
Originally any winged insect (hence butterfly, etc.); long used by farmers and gardeners for any insect parasite. The Old English plural in -n (cf. oxen) gradually normalized 13c.-15c. to -s. Fly on the wall “unseen observer” first recorded 1881. An Old English word for “curtain” was fleonet “fly-net.” Fly-swatter first attested 1917. Fly-fishing is from 1650s.
“to soar through air,” Old English fleogan “to fly” (class II strong verb; past tense fleag, past participle flogen), from West Germanic *fleuganan (cf. Old Saxon and Old High German fliogan, Old Norse flügja, Old Frisian fliaga, Middle Dutch vlieghen, Dutch vliegen, German fliegen), from PIE *pleu- “flowing, floating” (see pluvial).
Notion of “flapping as a wing does” led to noun sense of “tent flap” (1810), which yielded (1844) “covering for buttons that close up a garment.” The noun sense of “a flight, flying” is from mid-15c. Baseball fly ball attested by 1866. Slang phrase fly off the handle “lose one’s cool” dates from 1825. To do something on the fly is 1856, apparently from baseball.
“run away,” Old English fleon (see flee). Fleogan and fleon were often confused in Old English, too. Modern English distinguishes in preterite: flew/fled.
- Any of numerous two-winged insects of the order Diptera.
- Any of numerous insects of the order Diptera, having one pair of wings and large compound eyes. Flies include the houseflies, horseflies, and mosquitoes. See more at dipteran.
A drawback, especially one that was not at first apparent: “Sharon’s lack of experience turned out to be the fly in the ointment when she applied for the job.”
A drawback or detrimental factor. For example, The new library is wonderful but there’s a fly in the ointment: their catalog isn’t complete yet. This term probably alludes to a biblical proverb (Ecclesiastes 10:1): “Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savour.” [c. 1600]