- past participle of .
- congealed by cold; turned into ice.
- covered with ice, as a stream.
- frigid; very cold.
- injured or killed by or cold.
- obstructed by ice, as pipes.
- chilly or cold in manner; unfeeling: a frozen stare.
- rigid; immobilized: The child was frozen with fear.
- quick-frozen: frozen foods.
- (of food) chilled or refrigerated.
- (especially of a drink) mixed with ice and frappéed in an electric blender.
- in a form that is not readily convertible into cash; not liquid: frozen assets.
- not permitted to be changed or incapable of being altered; fixed: frozen rents; frozen salaries.
- Canasta. (of the discard pile) unable to be picked up by a player unless the player’s hand contains a natural pair to match the top card of the pile.Compare
verb (used without object), froze, fro·zen, freez·ing.
- to become hardened into ice or into a solid body; change from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
- to become hard or stiffened because of loss of heat, as objects containing moisture: Meat will freeze in a few hours.
- to suffer the effects of intense cold; have the sensation of extreme cold: We sat there freezing until the heat came on.
- to be of the degree of cold at which water freezes: It may freeze tonight.
- to lose warmth of feeling; be stunned or chilled with fear, shock, etc.: My heart froze when she told me the news.
- to become immobilized through fear, shock, etc.: When he got in front of the audience he froze.
- to stop suddenly and remain motionless; halt: I froze in my tracks.
- to become obstructed by the formation of ice, as pipes: Our basement water pipes often freeze in winter.
- to die or be injured because of or cold.
- (of a screw, nail, or the like) to become rigidly fixed in place, as from rust or dirt.
- to become fixed to something by or as if by the action of frost.
- to become unfriendly, secretive, or aloof (often followed by up): He froze at such a personal question.
- to become temporarily inoperable; cease to function (often followed by up): The new software made my computer freeze.
verb (used with object), froze, fro·zen, freez·ing.
- to harden into ice; change from a fluid to a solid form by loss of heat; congeal.
- to form ice on the surface of (a river, pond, etc.).
- to harden or stiffen (an object containing moisture) by cold.
- to quick-freeze.
- to subject to freezing temperature; place in a freezer or in the freezing compartment of a refrigerator.
- to cause to suffer the effects of intense cold; produce the sensation of extreme cold in.
- to cause to lose warmth as if by cold; chill with fear; dampen the enthusiasm of.
- to cause (a person or animal) to become fixed through fright, alarm, shock, etc.: Terror froze him to the steering wheel.
- to kill by frost or cold: A late snow froze the buds.
- to fix fast with ice: a sled frozen to a sidewalk.
- to obstruct or close (a pipe or the like) by the formation of ice: The storm had frozen the hydrant.
- to fix (rents, prices, etc.) at a specific amount, usually by government order.
- to stop or limit production, use, or development of: an agreement to freeze nuclear weapons.
- Finance. to render impossible of liquidation or collection: Bank loans are frozen in business depressions.
- Surgery. to render part of the body insensitive to pain or slower in its function by artificial means.
- Canasta.to play a wild card on (the discard pile) so as to make it frozen.
- Poker.to eliminate (other players) in a game of freezeout.
- to photograph (a moving subject) at a shutter speed fast enough to produce an unblurred, seemingly motionless image.
- Movies. to stop by means of a freeze-frame mechanism: You can freeze the action at any point.
- Sports. to maintain possession of (a ball or puck) for as long as possible, usually without trying to score, thereby reducing the opponent’s opportunities for scoring.
- Ice Hockey. to hold (a puck) against the boards with the skates or stick, causing play to stop and forcing a face-off.
- the act of freezing; state of being frozen.
- Also called Meteorology. . a widespread occurrence of temperatures below 32°F (0°C) persisting for at least several days: A freeze is expected in the coastal areas.
- a frost.
- a legislative action, especially in time of national emergency, to control prices, rents, production, etc.: The government put a freeze on new construction.
- a decision by one or more nations to stop or limit production or development of weapons, especially nuclear weapons.
- freeze on/onto, Informal. to adhere closely to; hold on; seize.
- freeze out, to exclude or compel (somebody) to withdraw from membership, acceptance, a position of influence or advantage, etc., by cold treatment or severe competition.
- freeze over, to coat or become coated with ice: The lake freezes over for several months each year.
- the past participle of
- turned into or covered with ice
- obstructed or blocked by ice
- killed, injured, or stiffened by extreme cold
- (of a region or climate) icy or snowy
- (of food) preserved by a freezing process
- (of prices, wages, etc) arbitrarily pegged at a certain level
- (of business assets) not convertible into cash, as by government direction or business conditions
- frigid, unfeeling, or disdainful in manner
- motionless or unyieldinghe was frozen with horror
verb freezes, freezing, froze (frəʊz) or frozen (ˈfrəʊzən)
- to change (a liquid) into a solid as a result of a reduction in temperature, or (of a liquid) to solidify in this way, esp to convert or be converted into ice
- (when intr, sometimes foll by over or up) to cover, clog, or harden with ice, or become so covered, clogged, or hardenedthe lake froze over last week
- to fix fast or become fixed (to something) because of the action of frost
- (tr) to preserve (food) by subjection to extreme cold, as in a freezer
- to feel or cause to feel the sensation or effects of extreme cold
- to die or cause to die of frost or extreme cold
- to become or cause to become paralysed, fixed, or motionless, esp through fear, shock, etche froze in his tracks
- (tr) to cause (moving film) to stop at a particular frame
- to decrease or cause to decrease in animation or vigour
- to make or become formal, haughty, etc, in manner
- (tr) to fix (prices, incomes, etc) at a particular level, usually by government direction
- (tr) to forbid by law the exchange, liquidation, or collection of (loans, assets, etc)
- (tr) to prohibit the manufacture, sale, or use of (something specified)
- (tr) to stop (a process) at a particular stage of development
- (tr) informal to render (tissue or a part of the body) insensitive, as by the application or injection of a local anaesthetic
- (intr foll by onto) informal, mainly US to cling
- the act of freezing or state of being frozen
- meteorol a spell of temperatures below freezing point, usually over a wide area
- the fixing of incomes, prices, etc, by legislation
- another word for
- mainly US a command to stop still instantly or risk being shot
mid-14c., past participle adjective from(v.). Figurative use is from 1570s. Of assets, bank accounts, etc., from 1922.
Old English freosan “turn to ice” (class II strong verb; past tense freas, past participle froren), from Proto-Germanic *freusanan (cf. Old Norse frjosa, Old High German friosan, German frieren “to freeze,” Gothic frius “frost”), from Proto-Germanic *freus-, equivalent to PIE root *preus- “to freeze,” also “to burn” (cf. Sanskrit prusva, Latin pruina “hoarfrost,” Welsh rhew “frost,” Sanskrit prustah “burnt,” Albanian prus “burning coals,” Latin pruna “a live coal”).
Transitive sense first recorded 14c., figurative sense c.1400. Meaning “become rigid or motionless” attested by 1720. Sense of “fix at a certain level, make non-transactable” is 1922. Freeze frame is from 1960, originally “a briefly Frozen Shot after the Jingle to allow ample time for Change over at the end of a T.V. ‘Commercial.’ ” [“ABC of Film & TV,” 1960].
- To pass from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
- To make or become congealed, stiffened, or hardened by exposure to cold.
- To change from a liquid to a solid state by cooling or being cooled to the freezing point.