1. a region in E central Europe: a former crown land of Austria, included in S Poland after World War I, and now partly in Ukraine. About 30,500 sq. mi. (79,000 sq. km).
  2. a maritime region in NW Spain: a former kingdom, and later a province. 11,256 sq. mi. (29,153 sq. km).


  1. (ɡəˈlɪʃɪə, -ˈlɪʃə) a region of E central Europe on the N side of the Carpathians, now in SE Poland and Ukraine
  2. (Spanish ɡaˈliθja) an autonomous region and former kingdom of NW Spain, on the Bay of Biscay and the Atlantic. Pop: 1 969 000 (2003 est)

region in Central Europe, perhaps ultimately from Lithuanian galas “end, peak,” in reference to the Carpathian Mountains which rise there, or from the root of Gaul. The region in northwestern Spain of the same name is perhaps from the Celtic root cala “watercourse,” or else it, too, might be from Gaul.

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