genitive


adjective

  1. (in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used primarily to express possession, measure, or origin: as John’s hat, week’s vacation, duty’s call.
  2. noting an affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
  3. similar to such a case form in function or meaning.

noun

  1. the genitive case.
  2. a word in the genitive case.
  3. a construction noting this case or the relationship usually expressed by it.

adjective

  1. denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages used to indicate a relation of ownership or association, usually translated by English of

noun

    1. the genitive case
    2. a word or speech element in this case
adj.

late 14c., from Old French genitif or directly from Latin (casus) genitivus “case expressing possession, source, origin,” from genitus (past participle of gignere; see genital); misused by Latin grammarians to render Greek genike (ptosis) “generic (case),” expressing race or kind (see genus). The noun meaning “the genitive case in grammar” is from 1610s.

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