geography


noun, plural ge·og·ra·phies.

  1. the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth’s surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
  2. the study of this science.
  3. the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
  4. a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
  5. the arrangement of features of any complex entity: the geography of the mind.

noun plural -phies

  1. the study of the natural features of the earth’s surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man’s response to them
  2. the natural features of a region
  3. an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
n.

1540s, from Middle French géographie (15c.), from Latin geographia, from Greek geographia “description of the earth’s surface,” from geo- “earth” + -graphia “description” (see -graphy).

  1. The scientific study of the Earth’s surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.
  2. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.

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