- any of the numerous fine, usually cylindrical, keratinous filaments growing from the skin of humans and animals; a pilus.
- an aggregate of such filaments, as that covering the human head or forming the coat of most mammals.
- a similar fine, filamentous outgrowth from the body of insects, spiders, etc.
- Botany. a filamentous outgrowth of the epidermis.
- cloth made of hair from animals, as camel and alpaca.
- a very small amount, degree, measure, magnitude, etc.; a fraction, as of time or space: He lost the race by a hair.
- get in someone’s hair, Slang. to annoy or bother someone: Their snobbishness gets in my hair.
- hair of the dog, Informal. a drink of liquor, supposed to relieve a hangover: Even a hair of the dog didn’t help his aching head.Also hair of the dog that bit one.
- let one’s hair down, Informal.
- to relax; behave informally: He finally let his hair down and actually cracked a joke.
- to speak candidly or frankly; remove or reduce restraints: He let his hair down and told them about his anxieties.
- make one’s hair stand on end, to strike or fill with horror; terrify: The tales of the jungle made our hair stand on end.
- split hairs, to make unnecessarily fine or petty distinctions: To argue about whether they arrived at two o’clock or at 2:01 is just splitting hairs.
- tear one’s hair, to manifest extreme anxiety, grief, or anger: He’s tearing his hair over the way he was treated by them.Also tear one’s hair out.
- to a hair, perfect to the smallest detail; exactly: The reproduction matched the original to a hair.
- without turning a hair, without showing the least excitement or emotion.Also not turn a hair.
- any of the threadlike pigmented structures that grow from follicles beneath the skin of mammals and consist of layers of dead keratinized cells
- a growth of such structures, as on the human head or animal body, which helps prevent heat loss from the body
- botany any threadlike outgrowth from the epidermis, such as a root hair
- a fabric or material made from the hair of some animals
- (as modifier)a hair carpet; a hair shirt
- another word for hair’s-breadth to lose by a hair
- get in someone’s hair informal to annoy someone persistently
- hair of the dog or hair of the dog that bit one an alcoholic drink taken as an antidote to a hangover
- keep your hair on! British informal keep calm
- let one’s hair down to behave without reserve
- not turn a hair to show no surprise, anger, fear, etc
- split hairs to make petty and unnecessary distinctions
Old English hær “hair, a hair,” from Proto-Germanic *khæran (cf. Old Saxon, Old Norse, Old High German har, Old Frisian her, Dutch and German haar “hair”), perhaps from PIE *ghers- “to stand out, to bristle, rise to a point” (cf. Lithuanian serys “bristle;” see horror).
Spelling influenced by Old Norse har and Old English haire “haircloth,” from Old French haire, from Frankish *harja or some other Germanic source (see above). To let one’s hair down “become familiar” is first recorded 1850. Phrase hair of the dog that bit you (1540s), homeopathic remedy, is in Pliny.
- Any of the cylindrical, keratinized, often pigmented filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal.
- A growth of such filaments, as that forming the coat of an animal or covering the scalp of a human.
- One of the fine hairlike processes of a sensory cell.
- One of the fine strands that grow from the skin of mammals, usually providing insulation against the cold. Modified hairs sometimes serve as protective defenses, as in the quills of a porcupine or hedgehog, or as tactile organs, as in the whiskers (called vibrissae) of many nocturnal mammals. Hair filaments are a modification of the epidermis of the skin and are composed primarily of keratin. Hair also contains melanin, which determines hair color.
- A slender growth resembling a mammalian hair, found on insects and other animals.
- A fine, threadlike growth from the epidermis of plants. See more at trichome.
In addition to the idioms beginning with hair
- hair of the dog that bit you
- hair shirt
- bad hair day
- by a hair
- by the short hairs
- fair-haired boy
- get gray hair from
- hang by a thread (hair)
- hide or hair
- in someone’s hair
- let one’s hair down
- make one’s hair stand on end
- put lead in one’s pencil (hair on one’s chest)
- split hairs
- tear one’s hair
- turn a hair