- yarn-dyed, plain-weave cotton fabric, usually striped or checked.
- a cotton fabric, usually woven of two coloured yarns in a checked or striped design
- (as modifier)a gingham dress
1610s, from Dutch gingang, traders’ rendering of a Malay word said to be ginggang “striped,” used as a noun with the sense of “striped cotton.” Cf. French guingan, Spanish guinga, Italian gingano, German gingang.