< /ˌhɑ siˈɛn dəz; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑs/. (in Spanish America)
- a large landed estate, especially one used for farming or ranching.
- the main house on such an estate.
- a stock raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country.
noun (in Spain or Spanish-speaking countries)
- a ranch or large estate
- any substantial stock-raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country
- the main house on such a ranch or plantation
1760, from Spanish hacienda “landed estate, plantation,” earlier facienda, from Latin facienda “things to be done,” from facere “to do” (see factitious). For noun use of a Latin gerundive, cf. agenda. The owner of one is a hacendado.
The change of Latin f- to Spanish h- is characteristic; e.g. hablar from fabulari, hacer from facere, hecho from factum, hermoso from formosum. Confusion of initial h- and f- was common in 16c. Spanish; the conquistador is known in contemporary records as both Hernando and Fernando Cortés.