- a state in NW India, formed in 1966 from the S part of Punjab. 17,074 sq. mi. (44,222 sq. km). Capital: (shared with Punjab) Chandigarh.
- a state of NE India, formed in 1966 from the Hindi-speaking parts of the state of Punjab. Capital: Chandigarh (shared with Punjab). Pop: 21 082 989 (2001 est). Area: 44 506 sq km (17 182 sq miles)